Dinking coffee has been a big part in the lives of most people these days. That’s why it’s not surprising anymore why there are numerous individuals who like to drink a cup of coffee. But do you ever wonder how these beans became your most loved product? Well, continue to read this article to find out the series of steps that it went through.
Coffee beans are commonly planted in a very huge seed bed in a sheltered nursery. Once the seedlings begin to grow, they are detached in a seed bed and are now planted in separate pots. These pots are carefully monitored with the amount of water and sunlight it receives every day until they are healthy enough to be permanently planted. In planting beans, it is best to do it during the wet season. This way, you can guarantee that the soils around the seedlings are still moist while the roots are firm.
The fruit of the coffee trees is commonly known as cherries. Cherries turn bright to dark red once it is ripe. It usually takes 3 or 4 years before the trees start to bear its fruit and prepared to be reaped. There are two main ways to reap the ripe cherries. One is to pick it by hand, whereas for other countries in where the landscape is fairly flat, they usually use a machine to harvest the fruits.
When the cherries have been picked already, then the next step is to process it immediately so as to avoid any spoilage. Basically there are two ways in the processing method. First is the dry method. This is the traditional way of processing the coffee and it’s still one of the most common methods that have been used by many countries across the globe. In here, there are only limited water resources and the freshly picked cherries are merely spread out on huge surfaces just like tables or floor to dry in the sun. This process might last for several weeks, depending on the weather. The other process is the wet method. In this process, the pulp of the cherries is removed after harvesting and the bean is dried with only the skin left on. Then, depending with factors like the state of the beans, the weather and the elevation, the beans will be stored in the tank for 12 to 48 hours.
Once the beans have been processed by the wet method, then the next step to do with the crushed and fermented beans must now be dried around 11 percent wetness and pile them in a storeroom. These beans will undergo, either sun dried method or the machine dried method. When the beans are completely dry, it will be denoted as “parchment coffee”, and then soon after that, it will be equipped for exporting.
The following step is the grinding of the beans. Grinding includes the process such as hulling, refining, grading and sorting. Hulling is a process that utilizes a machine to remove the entire dried dusk of the dried cherries. While, refining is not a compulsory procedure in which any silver skin that stay behind the beans after hulling is taken away in a polishing machine. On the other hand, grading and sorting is a procedure that can be accomplished using sophisticated machines to ensure the production of the finest quality of beans that are exported all over the world.
After grinding, the beans are now called as “green coffee”. These beans are now ready for exporting to other countries. They are transported using either jute or sisal luggage and weighed down into shipment containers. Approximately speaking, there are seven million tons of beans that are made all over the world every year.
The coffee will be securely tested for quality and savor before putting it in the market. This process is noted as “cupping” and it is commonly conducted in a room specifically created to aid this specific process. In this process, there will be a taster or the cupper that will assess the general visual quality. Moreover, coffee beans are not only tested this way for the characteristic that it possesses, but it is also analyzed in order to determine the proper roast. The best about this “cupper” is that it is capable in tasting literally hundreds of samples of coffee beans every day, yet still tastes the refined modifications between them.
In this step, the green beans will be transformed into the aromatic brown beans that we usually purchase in the groceries. The roasting machines typically uphold a temperature around 550 degrees Fahrenheit. Pyrolysis is the procedure that is referred to be the core of roasting. This is where the taste and smell of the coffee we drink comes from.
Grinding process is the one that gives the right kind of flavour that comes from the coffee that we drink every day. However, its granule will depend on the process of brewing that it has undergone. Obviously, when the granules are evenly fine, then it is easier to dissolve it in the cup of hot water. Perhaps, this is the reason why most espresso machines has much finer ground of coffee compared to coffee brewed in the drip system.
Lastly, prior to brewing your coffee, it is important to look the fine beans first and smell their aroma. Imagine the procedures that these beans have gone through from the very first day they were hand-picked and sorted in their trees. Also, think of the miles that they have travelled to be in your kitchen.
Last but not least, its time to enjoy your aromatic cup of coffee. After so much hard work, your coffee is done and all is left is to enjoy it ! If you want to know how to keep your fresh coffee hot all day long have a look at our coffee thermos recommendations.
The above mentioned are the ten helpful steps to coffee. Moreover, there are now varieties of coffee to choose from that are available in the market. Choose the right variety and have a great pleasurable coffee drinking experience.